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Qanday qilib shirin qidiruvchi ari, asalarilar, hornets, bumble-asalarga saxiy sovg'a taklif qilaman?

Qanday qilib shirin qidiruvchi ari, asalarilar, hornets, bumble-asalarga saxiy sovg'a taklif qilaman?


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Men muzli qahva va qovunli muz ichardim va hojatxonaga tashrif buyurganimdan so'ng, ari tayyor muzli qahvam bilan yaxshi vaqt o'tkazayotganini ko'rdim.

Qovun muzini ishga solmoqchi bo'lganimda, ari, iltimos, buni qilmasligimga qaramay, birinchi luqma olishini talab qildi. Men o'zimni saxovatli his qilib, ariga allaqachon qabul qilingan muzli qahvani taklif qildim, lekin qancha harakat qilsam ham (uni to'g'ri yo'nalishda silkitib, hidini burun oldidan olish uchun) u befoyda aylana bo'ylab uchib ketdi.

Bu shirin izlovchilarga ular mamnuniyat bilan qabul qiladigan taomni berishning biron bir usuli bormi (va aslida bizni ularni quvib chiqarishimiz uchun noqulaylikdan qutqaramiz)?


Hayvonlarning xulq -atvorida, xususan asal asalarilarida keng qo'llaniladigan ko'plab ilmiy usullar mavjud. O'qing bu bu Agar siz qidirsangiz, sichqonlar va kalamushlar uchun ham shunga o'xshash narsalarni topishingiz mumkin: P


Shirin izlovchi arilar, asalarilar, shoxlar, arilarga qanday qilib saxiy sovg'a berishim mumkin? - Biologiya


W. Alan Rojers qariyb 30 yil davomida Sharqiy Afrika va butun dunyodagi muhim o'rmonlarni himoya qilishning harakatlantiruvchi kuchi bo'lgan. Garchi bu mintaqa o'zining ajoyib yovvoyi tabiati va landshaftlari bilan mashhur bo'lsa -da, Kilimanjaro tog'i atrofidagi katta tekisliklarda juda ko'p sonli o'yin -kulgilar tasvirini yaratadi va uning noyob hayvonlari va o'simliklarining aksariyati milliy bog'lar va qo'riqxonalar tashqarisida joylashgan. , tog'larda va qirg'oq yaqinidagi o'rmonlarning qolgan qismlari bilan cheklangan. Alan Rodjers so'nggi yillardagi deyarli har bir katta tashabbusda o'rmonzorlarni saqlash bo'yicha muhim rol o'ynadi, ularning aksariyati hozirda rasmiy himoyaga olingan.

1979 yilda Rojers va uning do'stlari mehribonlik bilan tanishar edilar va antropolog Ketrin Xomvud bilan Tanzaniyaning janubi -g'arbiy qismidagi Udzungva tog'laridagi uzoq o'rmonni o'rganish uchun sayohatga chiqishdi, ular maymun chaqiruvini eshitdilar. Mangabey, bu joydan yuzlab kilometr uzoqlikda mavjudligi ilgari ma'lum bo'lmagan tur. Bu butunlay yangi tur bo'lib chiqdi, keyinchalik Sanje Mangabey deb nomlandi va ko'p yillar davomida Sharqiy Afrikada topilgan birinchi yangi primat edi. Uning kashfiyoti biologlar va tabiatni muhofaza qiluvchilarni Tanzaniyadagi Sharqiy yoy deb nomlanuvchi tog‘lar zanjiridagi o‘rmonlarning potentsial ahamiyati haqida ogohlantirdi.

Keyingi 30 yil davomida Sharqiy yoyga ko'plab biologik ekspeditsiyalar 2003 yilda janubiy tog'lar va Udzungva tog'larida mangabeyning yana bir yangi turini o'z ichiga olgan yangi turdagi boyliklarni topdi va topishda davom etmoqda. bu izolyatsiya qilingan tog 'bloklari hozirda noyob o'simliklar va hayvonlar uchun Afrikadagi eng boy tropik ekotizim deb tan olingan, Udzungva o'rmonlari eng muhim hisoblanadi. Rodjers ularning ahamiyatini birinchilardan bo'lib tushundi va u umrining qolgan qismini turli xil Tanzaniya hukumati va ushbu o'rmonlarni himoya qilish uchun tabiatni muhofaza qilish harakati bilan faol ravishda o'tkazdi. Uning sa'y-harakatlari qisman 1992 yilda Tanzaniyada o'nlab yillardagi birinchi yangi milliy bog' bo'lgan va yirik sutemizuvchilarni himoya qilish uchun tashkil etilmagan Udzungva tog'lari milliy bog'ini yaratish bilan qisman taqdirlandi.

Uilyam Alan Rodjers 1944 yilda Liverpulda tug'ilgan va otasi Nayrobida ma'ruza o'qiganida bolaligida Keniyaga ko'chib o'tgan. Bu erda Rojers keyinchalik zoologiya va botanikani o'qidi, so'ngra Aberdinda tabiatni muhofaza qilish bo'yicha magistrlik darajasini oldi. Keyin u 11 yilni Tanzaniyadagi keng Selous qo'riqxonasida o'yin bo'limining ekologi sifatida o'tkazdi, u erda brakonerlikka qarshi patrullarda qatnashdi va o'zi boshqargan samolyotda yovvoyi tabiatni ro'yxatga olish ishlarini olib bordi. U Miombo tadqiqot markazini yaratdi va Afrikaning eng yirik cho'l qo'riqxonasining ekologiyasi bo'yicha sherlar, fillar va fil suyagi savdosidan tortib yong'inning o'simliklarga ta'sirigacha bo'lgan mavzularda ko'plab ilmiy maqolalar yaratdi.

1976 yilga kelib, Rojers miombo o'rmon ekologiyasi bo'yicha jahon mutaxassisi sifatida tan olindi va Dar -As -Salom universiteti zoologiya kafedrasida o'qituvchi lavozimiga ega bo'ldi. Bu erda u o'z bilimlari bilan o'rtoqlashdi va talabalar avlodini ilhomlantirdi, ularning ko'plari keyinchalik Sharqiy Afrikaning tabiiy merosini himoya qilishda uning tabiatni muhofaza qilishning norasmiy armiyasiga qo'shilishdi. Bu vaqt mobaynida Rojersning ko'plab tashabbuslari korruptsionerlarni karkidon ovlash bilan shug'ullanishdan qaytarish uchun Ngorongoro kraterining chetidagi doimiy tadqiqot stantsiyasini o'z ichiga oladi. Keyinchalik u 1982 yilda Tanzaniya o'rmonlarini muhofaza qilish guruhiga asos solgan va talabalarni ko'plab noyob hayvonlar va o'simliklarga ega bo'lgan yana bir e'tibordan chetda qolgan ekotizim bo'lgan qirg'oq o'rmonining qolgan qismlarini o'rganish uchun ekskursiyalarga rahbarlik qilgan. Rodjers umrining oxirigacha Tanzaniya o'rmonlarini muhofaza qilish guruhi faoliyatini nazorat qilib kelgan va bugungi kunda Tanzaniyada o'rmonlarni muhofaza qilish bo'yicha birinchi tashkilot bo'lib, 45 xodimlari 100000 gektardan ortiq o'rmonni boshqarishni qo'llab -quvvatlamoqda.

1984 yildan 1991 yilgacha Hindistonda etti yil davomida Rodjers Hindistonning Yovvoyi tabiat institutiga qo'shildi. Uning g'ayrati qor qoplonlaridan tortib muqaddas bog'largacha bo'lgan mavzular bo'yicha yana bir ko'p ilmiy maqolalarni yaratdi va o'zining "Hindistonning biogeografik tasnifi" nomli monumental asari bilan birga Hindistonda yovvoyi tabiatni muhofaza qilish sohasida eng ko'p tilga olingan va foydalaniladigan hujjatlardan biri hisoblanadi. Rojers Hindistonda yovvoyi tabiatshunoslik fanini rivojlantirishda asosiy me'mor bo'lgan va uning hissasi tufayli institut keyinchalik butun dunyoda tabiatni muhofaza qilish ishiga o'z hissasini qo'shayotgan ko'plab malakali biologlarni ishlab chiqardi. U yo'lbarslar hujumining oldini olishning yangi usulini yaratdi va o'rmonlarda yurgan odamlarni boshlarining orqa tomoniga “yuz” niqoblarini kiyishga undadi, chunki yo'lbarslar siz ularni ko'ra olasiz deb o'ylasangiz, hujum qilish ehtimoli kamroq. U, shuningdek, Sharqiy Afrikadagidan ko'ra ko'proq aholi bosimiga ega bo'lgan mamlakatda Himoya qilinadigan hududlar tarmoqlari bo'yicha Harakatlar rejasini tuzdi. Bu tajriba Rojersga kech bo'lgunga qadar iloji boricha yashash joylarini rasman himoya qilish zarurligini ta'kidlashi kerak edi.

Rodjers 1992 yilda Riodagi Yer sammiti va BMTning biologik xilma-xillik to'g'risidagi konventsiyasi arafasida Sharqiy Afrika biologik xilma-xilligini boshqarishni qo'llab-quvvatlash uchun Global Atrof-muhit jamg'armasi tomonidan moliyalashtirilgan loyihani yaratish uchun Sharqiy Afrikaga qaytib keldi. Ushbu tashabbusning bosh texnik maslahatchisi sifatida, Rodjers o'rmonning qolgan eng muhim qismlarini himoya qilishni kuchaytirish uchun o'zining mashhur mavqeidan mohirona foydalangan. Uning ikkita asosiy sababi - 1980-yillarning boshida deyarli ma'lum bo'lmagan Sharqiy Ark o'rmonlari va Sharqiy Afrika qirg'oq o'rmonlari ming yillikning oxiriga kelib, dunyoning 34 biologik xilma-xillik issiq nuqtalarining xalqaro tan olingan ro'yxatiga kiritilgan. Ko'p yillik uyqusizlikdan so'ng, uning sa'y -harakatlari bilan ko'plab yangi o'rmon qo'riqxonalari va qo'riqxonalar, shuningdek Zanzibar orolidagi Jozani milliy bog'i ochildi.

Keyinchalik Rodjers BMT Taraqqiyot Dasturi va Global Atrof-muhit jamg'armasining Sharqiy Afrikadagi tashabbuslarida mintaqaviy texnik maslahatchi bo'lib ishladi va u erda biologik xilma-xillikni saqlash katta rivojlanish kun tartibining bir qismi sifatida ilgari surilishini ta'minlashga harakat qildi. U 1994 yilda Tanzaniya hukumatining atrof -muhit uchun manifestini tuzish tashabbusini ilgari surdi va bir qator davlat amaldorlarining qarshiligini yengdi. Byurokratiya bilan muqarrar ravishda shug'ullanishiga qaramay, uning yuqumli ishtiyoqi kuchli edi. U odamlarni dalaga olib chiqish va tabiatni muhofaza qilish uchun barcha imkoniyatlarni qidirdi. U ko'pchilikning ustozi bo'lgan, kim uni donoligi va daldasi uchun qidirgan va uning stolini kesib o'tgan har qanday hujjatlarni shafqatsiz tahrir qilishni xavf ostiga qo'ygan va ortiqcha nasr va asossiz da'volarni yo'q qilish uchun qizil qalamini zavq bilan ishlatgan.

Shaxs sifatida Rodjers shaxsiy tan olinishidan ko'ra to'g'ri odamlarni harakat va natijalarga erishishga undash va rag'batlantirishga ko'proq qiziqish bildirgan. Shuning uchun bugungi kunda Sharqiy Afrikada tabiatni muhofaza qilish bo'yicha izchil va samarali harakat mavjud bo'lib, Sharqiy yoy va qirg'oq o'rmonlarining ko'p qismi hozirda qo'riqlanadi. Ular hali ham katta qiyinchiliklarga duch kelmoqdalar va tabiiy resurslarga och qolgan aholining tazyiqlariga duch kelishmoqda, lekin agar u bo'lmaganida ularning ahvoli ancha yomonroq bo'lardi.

Rodjersning kuchi tabiatni muhofaza qilish bilan cheklanib qolmagan, u ham yaxshi regbi o'yinchisi, g'ayratli aktyor, o'tkir baliqchi va saxovatli va xushchaqchaq uy egasi bo'lib, o'zining tirnalgan soqollari bilan tomoshabinlarni o'z sporti haqida juda ko'p jirkanch latifalar bilan hayratga solardi. yovvoyi yoshlik yillari. Uning birinchi xotini Bobbi Jeykob va ularning qizi ikkinchi xotini Niki Tortike va ularning ikki o'g'li va sherigi Mersi Njoroge qoldi. Uning uchta farzandi hozir Sharqiy Afrika va tabiatni muhofaza qilish ishtiyoqiga ergashadi.

Alan Rojers, ekolog, botanik, zoolog va tabiatni muhofaza qiluvchi, 1944 yil 25 oktyabrda tug'ilgan. 2009 yil 31 martda 64 yoshida vafot etgan.


Shirin izlovchi arilar, asalarilar, shoxlar, arilarga qanday qilib saxiy sovg'a berishim mumkin? - Biologiya

O'tgan seshanba kuni Richard Smit bizga go'zal bir banka asal ishlab chiqarishning nozik tomonlarini tasvirlab berdi. Slaydlar yordamida u bizni ekstraktsiyadan tortib kremgacha (elektr burg'ulash va bo'yoq aralashtirgich yordamida), shishaga solishga va etiketkalashgacha bo'lgan turli bosqichlarni bosib o'tdi. U olib kelgan namunadagi qaymoqli yoki yumshoq asal juda mazali edi va men ham xuddi shunday qilishga harakat qilish uchun kelgusi yil ham mayin urug'li asal qidiraman. Graham bizni kimdir likyorga o'xshatib ta'riflash uchun juda chiroyli asal olib keldi.

Rojdestvo bayrami

Jon va Miriam Xill bizga mehribonlik bilan N. Herts BKA Rojdestvo kechasi uchun o'z uylari Boxvudga bostirib kirishga ruxsat berishdi. Bu shunday bo'ladi:

18 -dekabr 19:30 da Boxwood, Walkern, Stevenage, SG2 7AB

Har xil mahsulotlarni yopish uchun & funt4 kichik haq olinadi. Iltimos, hamma shirin yoki mazali taom olib kelsin. O'yin o'tkaziladi, shuning uchun har qanday sovg'alar minnatdorchilik bilan qabul qilinadi. Iltimos, kelayotganingizni bildirish uchun Xelen yoki Rey bilan bog'laning: [email protected] yoki 01438 236811

Fevral uchrashuvi

Yanvar oyida bizda uchrashuv yo'q, shuning uchun keyingi qishki yig'ilish 15 -fevral kuni soat 19.30 da Howgillsda bo'lib o'tadi, Stivenajdagi ekologiya va zararkunandalar xodimi Kris Vudvord biz bilan hasharotlar va ehtimol ekzotik mavjudotlar haqida gaplashganda. uning ishi. Eslatma: Bizda bu uchrashuvda choy va kofe tayyorlash uchun ko‘ngilli yo‘q, shuning uchun sizda hali navbat bo‘lmagan bo‘lsa, men bilan bog‘laning ([email protected])

Oksalat kislotasi

Agar sizda faqat bitta yoki ikkita uyalar bo'lsa va qishda oksalik kislota bilan davolanishni o'ylayotgan bo'lsangiz, Grem oz miqdorda berishi mumkin. Graham 01438 369770 bilan bog'laning.

Pol Kuper tomonidan yepiskoplar Stortford yangiliklari

Noyabr oyining oxirida bizdan bir nechtasi Jeyn Mozli xushmuomalalik bilan uyushtirgan kursni ko'rib chiqish uchun uchrashdi. Biz mart oyining birinchi haftasidan boshlanadigan va olti hafta davom etadigan kursni o'tkazishga qaror qildik. Bizning asalarichilik uchrashuvlarimiz bir haftadan keyin boshlanadi va kurs ishtirokchilari amaliy tajriba uchun taklif qilinadi.

Kurs 2 martdan 6 aprelgacha har chorshanba kunlari, asosiy zalda, Bishops Park Community Centre, Lancaster Way, Bishops Park, Bishops Stortford, Herts, CM23 4DA da 19:45 dan 22:00 gacha bo'lib o'tadi. Jamoatchilik markazi Tesco supermarketining yonida joylashgan. Avtoturargoh bepul!

Iltimos, bron qilish bilan shug'ullanadigan Julia Saunders bilan bog'laning ([email protected]).

BBKA ' ning yangi operatsion direktori / bosh kotibi

HBKAning faxriy prezidenti va Yepiskoplar Stortford asalarichilar assotsiatsiyasining kotibi Jeyn Mozili Britaniya asalarichilar assotsiatsiyasining operatsion direktori/bosh kotibi lavozimiga endigina kirishganini eʼlon qilishdan juda mamnunman. Bu ajoyib yangilik va ishonchim komilki, Xertfordshirdagi har bir asalarichi uni tabriklashda menga qo'shiladi.

U bu ishga 90 ga yaqin ariza beruvchidan tanlangan. BBKA aytganidek:

Jeyn, ehtimol, a'zoligimizning o'zgaruvchan demografiyasini yaxshiroq aks ettiradi va bu qiyin rolga yangi va yangi ko'rinish va energiya olib keladi.

Ko'p tabriklar, Jeyn!

"Honey Tasting" ga tashrif buyurish rekordidir

Quyosh ekstraktori

Piter Metyus tomonidan

Bu bizning yangi a'zolarimizdan biri, o'tgan yilning yanvar oyida mendan supersingni qo'yish juda erta ekanligini so'radi. Xo'sh, yanvar oyida nima qilishingiz kerak: -

Asalarilarni bir yoki ikki yil ushlab turgandan so'ng, siz juda ko'p ortiqcha mum yig'adigan holatda bo'lishingiz kerak. Buni tashlamang, bu qimmatli! Aksariyat odamlar yangi poydevorga qarshi savdo qilish uchun mumni berishadi. Bu sizga kamdan -kam narsalarni berishi kerak, shuning uchun siz kamdan -kam hollarda sotib olishingiz kerak bo'ladi.

Boshqa hech narsa bo'lmasa, o'zingizga quyosh ekstraktorini olishingiz kerak. Bu shunchaki izolyatsiyalangan quti bo'lib, unga zaxira mum qo'yiladi, u quyoshda o'tiradi, mum eriydi va mos idishga tushadi. Barcha odatiy etkazib beruvchilar o'zlarining kataloglarida narx bo'yicha biror narsaga ega bo'ladilar. Agar buni biznes taklifi sifatida ko'rib chiqsangiz, siz juda uzoq to'lov muddatini ko'rib chiqasiz. Boshqa tomondan, agar sizning asalarilaringiz yuqori mahsuldorlikka ega bo'lsa va siz asalingiz uchun yaxshi narxga ega bo'lsangiz, uni yaxshi sarmoya sifatida ko'rishingiz mumkin.

Quyosh ekstraktorlari yomon ishlab chiqarilgan taqdirda ham yaxshi ishlaganligi sababli, ko'pchilik odamlar o'zlari ishlab chiqaradilar. Asosiy quti, ehtimol, eng oson dengiz qatlamidan qilingan. Chiroyli bo'g'inlar bilan bezovta qilmang, yon tomonlarini bir-biriga burama qilish uchun tayoqchalardan foydalaning. Faqat ochiq qirrasi ob-havodan yaxshi himoyalanganligiga ishonch hosil qiling. Maksimal samaradorlik uchun oynani ikki barobar oynali qilish kerak, va hamma narsa izolyatsiya bilan qoplangan. Bu kengaytirilgan ko'pik, kigiz va hokazo bo'lishi mumkin. Ammo, 2 dyuymli tom yopish izolyatsiyalash paneli bilan ishlash juda oson. Eng qiyin qismi - ichki tovoqlar. Savdo birliklari payvandlangan bo'g'inli zanglamaydigan po'latdan yasalgan. Ovqat pishirish uchun eski idish, qalay lavhadan tayyorlangan, mahalliy olib ketish bepul va qalay qisqichlari va lehim temir bilan oson ishlov beriladi. O'zingizni kesmaslik uchun barcha kesilgan qirralarning orqaga buklanganligiga ishonch hosil qiling.

Men Sent-Albanslik Jon Nailardning Milliy asal ko'rgazmasida g'olib bo'lgan ishtirokini eslatib o'taman, u o'tkazib yuborilgan materiallardan qurilgan. Korpus yuqori zichlikdagi polistirolli qadoqlash qutisi edi, derazasi uch oynali polikarbonat bilan qoplangan va taglik eski moyli barabandan urilgan.

Siz mumni tozalashni davom ettirishingiz va undan sham yasash va hokazolar uchun ishlatishingiz mumkin, bu savdodan ko'ra qimmatroqdir. Ammo hozircha qo'pol filtrlangan mum KBS, Maisemore, Thornes va boshqalar uchun juda maqbul bo'ladi. Bu kichik loyiha sizni ushlab turishi kerak. fevral oyining oxirigacha tinch!

Mening birinchi asalarilarim Derek Driver

Men asalarichilikni tasodifan boshladim, bir kuni qaynonam menga qo'ng'iroq qildi va u yaqinda Tayvors Velvindagi asalarichilik kursida o'qiganini aytdi va bir necha kundan keyin mahalliy gazetamizda asalarichining barcha asalari va asbob -uskunalarini sotayotganini ko'rdim. pensiyaga. Qaynog'amni qiziqtiradi deb o'ylab, men u bilan Nuthampsteaddagi asalarichilar uyida uchrashishni tayinladim. Qorong‘ida men yozgi uyni topa olmadim va u yerdagi yagona pabga kirdim va mahalliy pochtachining pint ichayotganini ko‘rdim. Tez orada men yozgi uyni topdim va asalarichi meni uzoq vaqtdan beri yo'qolgan o'g'limdek kutib oldi.

Uning aytishicha, qaynog‘am bor-yo‘g‘i ketgan, lekin asalarichi menga uyani saqlab qolishga va’da bergan. Men bu so'zlarni olganimda, qaynonamning xayolidan o'tgan ta'rifli fikrlarni chop eta olmayman. Biroq, meni &ldquosupers&rdquo deb nomlangan qutilar bilan to'ldirilgan omborga olib borishdi va &ldqurames va malika istisno qiluvchilar&rdquo bularning xushbo'yligi mast edi.

Men ip bilan charchagan va old tomonidagi teshikka o't solingan yog'och quti va cho'ntagimda 10 funt zajigalka bilan ketdim. Men asalarichilarning oxirgi so'zlari qulog'imga chalinayotganini anglab, haydab ketdim va asta -sekin bolamni rdquo! Bu sana 1974 yil 30 -mart edi.

Mening o'rganishim keskin edi va men Janubi-Sharqiy Gerts asalarichilar uyushmasi bo'lgan mahalliy guruhga qo'shildim, uning hududi Xertford, Uor, Xoddesdon, Broksburn, Kaffli, Goffs Oak va Cheshunt edi. Rais janob Ratkliff edi, lekin tez orada Nevill Vudvord ismli yangi rais paydo bo'ldi. Men olib kelgan asalarilarda AFB va okrug bo'yicha asalarilar inspektori borligini kashf etdim, Frank Kroll ham SEHBA a'zosi edi, keyin Nevillga meni o'z qanotlari ostiga oldi va mening qo'shma murabbiylarimga aylandi. Bu ko'plab asalarichilik tashriflarini o'z ichiga oladi va bir marta Frank bizni choyga taklif qilganida, men farzandlarimizni rafiqasi bilan qoldirgan edim, men esa Frank bilan dalalar bo'ylab uning asalarilariga borardik.

U taxtalarni olib tashlab, asalarilarni ko'zdan kechira boshladi, lekin hech birimizda shlyapa yoki parda yo'qligi sababli, faqat kalta yengli ko'ylaklar bor edi, men esa istamasdim. Albatta, kimdir meni ko'zimga sanchidi va biz choyga qaytganimizda u yopildi.

Bir necha yil o'tgach, yosh Klayv De Brin meni asosiy imtihonimga olib bordi, lekin bu shunday deb nomlanmagan edi, men SEHBA divizioni va County Show ko'rgazmasida turli sovrinli kartalarni yuta boshladim. O'sha kunlarda bizning assotsiatsiyamizdan Jon Mumford va Jeoff Uilkoks o'rtasida shiddatli raqobat bor edi, ular ham ko'plab sovrinli kartochkalarni qo'lga kiritdilar, Jeoff ayniqsa meadning turli turlari bo'yicha mutaxassis edi, hatto milliy musobaqada ham g'alaba qozondi.

Yillar davomida men asalarichilikdan qanchalar zavq va do'stlar orttirganimni angladim, garchi men hech qachon qaynog'imga rahmat aytmagan bo'lsam ham, lekin u o'zining adolatli sahrolarini oldi. Ko'p yillar oldin, men undan biz saqlagan qora asalarilarga yordam berishini so'raganimda. Siz bilan yuz metr narida uchrashgan va salomlashganlar, agar siz asalarichilikda bo'lganingizda, yuz niqobingizni yechib, kutib olishni davom ettirdilar.

Men super shaffofni ko'targanimda, u uyaga aniqroq taxta qo'yishi kerak edi. Keyingi voqea, men uning baqirganini eshitdim, men aniqroq taxtaning havoda uchayotganini va dala bo'ylab, keyin to'siqdan o'tib ketayotganini ko'rdim.

Men uni ushlaganimda, u mashinasida edi va ketmoqchi edi. Uning asalarilarim haqidagi ta'rifini chop etish mumkin emas va u boshqa hech qachon yordam bermagan. Hozirgi kunda biz saqlaydigan asalarilar eski qora asalarilarga qaraganda mushukcha bo'lib qolishadi va men tez -tez o'ylaymanki, yangi kelganlar bu turdagi asalarilar bilan qanday kurashishadi?

Asalarichilar qotil oqadilar o'zini o'zi yo'q qilishga majbur qilishdi

Olimlar, sovuq havoda o'ldiradigan halokatli Varroa oqadilar o'z -o'zini yo'q qilishga majbur qilib, asal asalarilarining global yo'qotilishini to'xtatishi mumkin.

Qon so'ruvchi Varroa-butun dunyo bo'ylab asalarichilarning eng katta qotili, u asalarichilarga qarshi dori-darmonlarga qarshilik ko'rsatgan. Bu, ayniqsa, qishda halokatli bo'ladi, chunki qurib qolgan koloniyalarda isinish uchun etarli miqdorda asalarilar yig'ilmaydi.

Hozirgi vaqtda hukumat va milliy ari birligi va Aberdin universiteti tadqiqotchilari oqadilar va genlardagi tabiiy funktsiyalarni qanday qilib o'zlarini yo'q qilishlarini o'rganishdi.

Aberdin universitetidan doktor Alan Bowman shunday dedi: & ldquo Zararsiz genetik materialni kiritish, o'z genlarining tabiiy funktsiyalarni ifoda etishiga yo'l qo'ymaslik uchun, o'z immunitetiga javob beradi. Bu ularni o'z-o'zini yo'q qilishga olib kelishi mumkin. Bu yondashuvning go'zalligi shundaki, u haqiqatan ham o'ziga xosdir va asalarilarga yoki boshqa hayvonlarga zarar bermasdan oqadilar uchun mo'ljallangan. & Rdquo

Oziq-ovqat va atrof-muhitni o'rganish agentligi (Fera) ning bir qismi bo'lgan Milliy ari bo'limidan doktor Giles Budj shunday dedi: &ldquoUshbu zamonaviy davolash ekologik jihatdan qulay va asalarilar uchun hech qanday xavf tug'dirmaydi. Sanoatning tegishli qo'llab-quvvatlashi va qat'iy tasdiqlash jarayoni bilan, kimyoviy moddalarsiz dori-darmonlar besh yildan o'n yilgacha bo'lishi mumkin. & Rdquo

Atrof-muhit vaziri Lord Xenli shunday dedi: &ldquoArilar bizning ekinlarimizni changlatish orqali har yili Britaniyaga 200m funt sterlingga teng bo'lgan taomni dasturxonimizga qo'yish uchun zarurdir. Buyuk Britaniya olimlarining ajoyib ishi bizning uyalarimizni sog'lom va asalarilarning shovqinini saqlaydi. & Rdquo

Jarayon Nobel mukofotiga sazovor bo'lgan genetik ma'lumotlar oqimini boshqaradigan &lsquoRNK aralashuvi&rsquo nazariyasidan foydalanadi. Hozirgacha & lsquosilencing & rsquo neytral Varroa geni bilan ishlagan, bu esa oqadilarga sezilarli ta'sir ko'rsatmaydi. Olimlar endi Varroani o'z-o'zini yo'q qilishga majburlash uchun mukammal bo'lgan o'ziga xos xususiyatlarga ega genni nishonga olishlari kerak.

Boshqa olimlar tomonidan o'tkazilgan testlar shuni ko'rsatdiki, davolanishni asalarichilikdagi uyalarga qo'shish mumkin. Asalarilar uni bolalari uchun ovqatga aylantiradilar, u erda Varroa yashiringan.

  • Varroa oqadilar, xuddi jigarrang qisqichbaqa kabi, asal asalarilarning eng katta global qotilidir.
  • U dastlab Osiyo asaliga hujum qilgan, ammo tabiiy himoyasi zaif bo'lgan Evropa asaliga sakragan.
  • Kana viruslarni yuboradi, asalarilar va immunitet tizimini bostiradi va qon bilan oziqlanadi.
  • Asalarichilar kimyoviy nazoratdan foydalanadilar, lekin uni hech qachon yo'q qila olmaydilar va so'nggi o'n yil ichida Varroa ba'zi dorilarga qarshilik ko'rsatdi.
  • Agar davolanmasa yoki unga noo'rin kimyoviy moddalar berilsa, 50 ming asalari koloniyasini o'ldirish uchun atigi 1000 kana kerak bo'ladi.
  • Asal asalarilar ekinlarni changlatish orqali Buyuk Britaniya iqtisodiyotiga yiliga 200 million funt sterling turadi
  • Varroa oqadilar Buyuk Britaniyaga 1992 yilda kirib kelgan.
  • Asal asalari populyatsiyasi 1992 yildan beri 23 foizga kamaydi, bu esa iqtisodiyotga millionlab funt sterling zarar keltirishi mumkin.
  • 1992 yilda 23767 asalarichi va 151.924 koloniya bo'lgan. 2010 yilda 21 ming asalarichi, 116,5 ming koloniya bor edi.
  • Yozda o'rtacha koloniyada 30-50 ming asalari bor.
  1. Varroa oqadilar fotosuratlari Defra matbuot xizmatida mavjud.
  2. Hisobotning toʻliq maʼlumotlari bilan quyidagi manzilda tanishish mumkin: www.parasitesandvectors.com/content/3/1/73
  3. RNK interferentsiyasi (RNAi) 2006 yilda fiziologiya yoki tibbiyot bo'yicha Nobel mukofotiga sazovor bo'lgan professor Endryu Feyr tomonidan topilgan: http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2006/press.html. Qo'shimcha ma'lumot olish uchun: www.nature.com/focus/rnai/animations/index.html.
  4. Oziq -ovqat va atrof -muhitni tadqiq qilish agentligi barqaror oziq -ovqat zanjiri va sog'lom tabiiy muhitni qo'llab -quvvatlaydi va rivojlantiradi, biologik va kimyoviy xavflardan himoya qiladi. www.fera.defra.gov.uk/. Milliy asalarilar birligi asalarichilarga maslahat beradi, sanoatni qo'llab -quvvatlaydi va iqtisodiy va ekologik ta'sirni kamaytirish uchun jiddiy zararkunandalar va kasalliklarga qarshi kurashadi. https://secure.fera.defra.gov.uk/beebase/index.cfm
  5. 2009 yilda hukumat Angliya va Uelsda asalari asalarilarining sog'lig'ini himoya qilish va yaxshilash bo'yicha 10 yillik strategiya "Sog'lom asalarilar rejasi" ni ishga tushirdi. Uni boshlashga yordam berish uchun Defra va Uels assambleyasi hukumati (WAG) 2011 yilgacha 2,8 million funt sterling hissa qo'shgan.
  6. 2010 yil iyun oyida Defra va WAG hasharotlarni changlatuvchilarga ta'sir qiluvchi biologik va atrof-muhit omillarini tushunish va yumshatish bo'yicha tadqiqotlar uchun Hasharotlarni changlatuvchilar tashabbusi uchun 2,5 million funt sterling mablag' ajratilishini e'lon qildi.
  7. Oktyabr oyida Defra Angliya va Uels bo'ylab asalarichilar uchun sifatli trenerlar sonini ko'paytirish uchun Britaniya asalarichilik uyushmasini qo'llab-quvvatlashini e'lon qildi. Bu havaskorlarga asalarilarni parvarish qilish, zararkunandalar va kasalliklardan himoyalanish ko'nikmalarini o'rgatishdir.

Milliy asalarilar birligining 7 -sonli yangilanishi

Osiyo shoxi (Vespa velutina) va Oʻzmilliybankning ushbu ekzotik zararkunandalarga qarshi joriy faoliyati haqida eslatma.

NBU yaqinda Evropa Ittifoqi (Frantsiya) bilan Osiyo shoxlari kelishi va tarqalishi, bu asalarichilarga qanday ta'sir qilishi va ularning tushunarli xavotirlari haqida juda yaxshi biladi. Sizni iloji boricha xabardor qilish uchun, shu yilning boshida Native bo'lmagan turlar kotibiyati (NNSS) NBUdan Buyuk Britaniyada (ya'ni Angliya, Shotlandiya va Uels) asalarichilik bo'yicha Osiyo shoxi uchun xavflarni rasmiy baholashni ishlab chiqarishni so'radi.

O'zmilliybank va Feradagi amaliy entomologiya guruhi a'zolari tomonidan loyihani baholash yakunlandi (2010 yil sentyabr oyida). U mavjud adabiyotlar, mavjud ilmiy dalillar va shaxsiy hisoblar, Buyuk Britaniyaga kirishning barcha mumkin bo'lgan yo'llari va ular qanday tartibga solinishi va har bir yo'l bo'ylab harakatlanishning potentsial hajmini (ya'ni, nisbiy xavf tug'diradigan) imkon qadar batafsil ko'rib chiqadi. Bu erda asalarilarga va hasharotlarning boshqa o'lja manbalariga (masalan, muhim changlatuvchilar bo'lishi mumkin) ta'sirini, mumkin bo'lgan nazorat usullarini va agar Osiyo shoxi bu erda topilsa, inson salomatligi va farovonligiga ta'sirini muhokama qiladi. Shuningdek, u &ldquokeep shoxni tashqariga chiqarishga yordam berish uchun hozir foydali bo'ladigan ba'zi harakatlar ro'yxatini beradi.

Ushbu uzun hujjat hozirda ushbu sohadagi tengdosh(lar) va mahalliy bo'lmagan turlar xavfini tahlil qilish paneli (NNRAP) tomonidan ko'rib chiqilmoqda. Ayni paytda, O'zmilliybank NNSSdagi hamkasblarimiz bilan aloqada bo'lib, xabardorlikni yanada oshirish uchun hozir nima qilish mumkinligi va kirish ehtimolini ko'rib chiqish ustuvorligini muhokama qilmoqda. Yaqin kelajakda biz favqulodda vaziyatlar rejasi ustida ishlaymiz. NNSS veb-saytining birinchi sahifasida V. velutina uchun &ldquoSpecies Alert&rdquo e'lon qilingan. Biz BeeBase va NNSS veb -sayti orqali taqdim etiladigan V. velutina uchun identifikatsiya varag'ini ishlab chiqarish ustida birgalikda ishlayapmiz. Ayni paytda, BeeBase allaqachon V. velutina haqida ma'lum miqdordagi ma'lumotlarni joylashtiradi.

O'zmilliybankning 60 nafar tayinlangan asalari inspektorlaridan iborat jamoasi Angliya va Uelsni o'z ichiga olgan sakkizta asalarichilik mintaqasida yillik asalarichilik tekshiruvi dasturini amalga oshiradi. Odatda bir yilda NBU va rsquos inspektsiyasi beshdan olti minggacha arilarga tashrif buyurib, 24000 dan 29000 gacha koloniyalarni tekshiradi. Biroq, 2009 yilda

40 ming koloniya tekshirildi. Inspeksiya xodimlari allaqachon Osiyo shoxidan kelib chiqadigan tahdidni bilishadi va asalarichilik jamiyatini shunga mos ravishda o'qitish uchun juda yaxshi holatda ekanligi aniq. Shu bilan birga, boshqa vositalar va tarqatish yo'llari, masalan, bog' markazlari, meva va gul import qiluvchilar va hokazolar tomonidan foydalanish uchun o'rganilmoqda. O'simliklar salomatligi va urug'lik inspektsiyasi (meva, gullar va tuproqli o'simliklar importini nazorat qiluvchi va hokazo). juftlashgan shoxli malikalar uchun potentsial uyqu joylarini ta'minlash) ham topilmalarni aniqlash va O'zmilliybankga xabar berish uchun o'qitiladi (2011 yil yanvar).

Oʻzmilliybank hozirda osiyo shoxini topib olgan deb gumon qilgan jamoatchilik vakillaridan imkon qadar koʻproq maʼlumot berib, zudlik bilan bizga xabar berishlarini soʻraydi. Iloji bo'lsa, ular bizga shaxsni tasdiqlash uchun tekshirish uchun namuna yuborishlari kerak.

BBKA 2011 yil strategik sharhi va uning o'simliklarni himoya qilish sanoati bilan aloqasi

Martin Smit (BBKA prezidenti), 2010 yil 16 -noyabr

O'qituvchi xayriya tashkiloti sifatida BBKA birinchi navbatda asalarilarning salomatligi va farovonligi bilan shug'ullanadi va jamiyatning barcha qismlarini, shu jumladan asalarichilarni, jamoatchilikni va sanoatni asalarilar haqida o'rgatish, xabardor qilish va ta'sir ko'rsatishga intiladi. Vaqt o'tishi bilan BBKA va uchinchi shaxslar o'rtasida turli sabablarga ko'ra BBKA bilan munosabatlarga kirishishga jalb qilingan bir qator kelishuvlar amalga oshirildi, ammo ularning barchasi asalga foyda keltirishi asosida kelishilgan. asalarilar. Vaqti -vaqti bilan ushbu munosabatlarning maqsadga muvofiqligini strategik jihatdan qayta ko'rib chiqish kerak, chunki ular tegishli, samarali va haqiqatan ham kutilgan foyda keltiradi.

Odatda bunday kelishuvlar uchinchi shaxsning adabiyoti va tovarlarida BBKA logotipini (roʻyxatdan oʻtgan savdo belgisi) foydalanishga ruxsat berish yoki litsenziyalashni nazarda tutgan. BBKA strategik sharhi o'z brendini ishlab chiqish va boshqalarni rivojlantirish uchun mavjud imkoniyatlar va imkoniyatlarni baholamoqchi.

Ana shunday strategik munosabatlardan biri BBKAning asalarilarga zarar yetkazilishini minimallashtirish uchun pestitsidlar va qishloq xoʻjaligi amaliyotini boshqarishni yaxshilash maqsadida oʻsimliklarni himoya qilish sanoati bilan faol hamkorlik qilish siyosati boʻldi. pestitsidlar va ularning maydonda qo'llanilishi.

Bu munosabatlar 1980-yillarda boshlangan va bir qator shakllarni olgan, jumladan, BBKA rsquosning Royal Showda ishtirok etishiga homiylik va yaqinda BBKA o'z logotipini to'rtta sintetik piretroid asosidagi mahsulotda ishlatishga rozi bo'ldi. Taqdim etilgan dalillar asosida va etkazib beruvchi kompaniyalarning boshqaruv faoliyati bilan birgalikda ushbu mahsulotlar to'g'ri ishlatilganda asalarilarga zarar etkazish xavfini kamaytiradi. BBKA ushbu ma'qullashlar uchun kam miqdorda to'lovlarni oldi, ularning bir qismi ma'muriyat va kompaniyalar bilan hamkorlik qilish uchun o'tkaziladigan uchrashuvlar xarajatlarini qoplaydi. Ushbu siyosatdan kelib chiqqan ijobiy o'zgarishlar BCPC tomonidan nashr etilgan "Yashil kitob" deb ataladigan Buyuk Britaniya pestitsidlari bo'yicha qo'llanmaga BBKA 10 bandlik ko'rsatmalarining kiritilishini va eng muhimi, pestitsidlar bilan bog'liq asalarilar koloniyalarining yo'qotishlarini sezilarli darajada kamaytirishni o'z ichiga oladi. 1990-yillarda hozirgi arzimas raqamlarga yiliga 100 yoki shunga o'xshash.

Hozirda BBKA tomonidan tasdiqlanadigan to'rtta mahsulot bugungi kunda tijorat ahamiyatiga ega emas va pestitsidlar va ularni qo'llash texnikasining yangi sinflarini ishlab chiqish o'simliklarni himoya qilish sanoati bilan munosabatlarni qayta ko'rib chiqish zarurligini bildiradi. BBKAning butun sanoat va alohida kompaniyalar bilan o'zaro munosabati turlicha bo'ladi, lekin kengroq yondashuvning namunasi yaqinda chop etilgan Ekinlarni himoya qilish assotsiatsiyasi (CPA) varaqasini ishlab chiqarish bo'yicha hamkorlikdir. BBKA va NFU logotiplariga ega xavfsiz, Bee Careful&rsquo.

Strategik munosabatlarni ko'rib chiqishning birinchi bosqichi sifatida, BBKA Vasiylari ma'lum mahsulotlarni ma'qullashdan tashqari, o'simliklarni himoya qilish sohasi bilan ishlash ko'lamini kengaytirish vaqti keldi, degan qarorga keldi. Kimyoviy moddalarni tartibga solish boshqarmasi (CRD) bilan pestitsidlarni tasdiqlash mezonlari va qishloqlarni boshqarishni yaxshilash bo'yicha umumiy harakatda sanoatni yanada qo'llab-quvvatlash. Masalan, bu nektar barlari, daraxt ekish va to'siqlarni tiklash kabi aniq tashabbusni ilgari surishni o'z ichiga olishi mumkin.

Ishtirokchi kompaniyalar bilan muhokamadan so'ng, BBKA vasiylari indossament va tegishli mahsulotga xos to'lovlarni imkon qadar tezroq to'xtatishga qaror qilishdi.

Vasiylar kelajakda CPA niqobi ostida o'simliklarni himoya qilish sanoatidan yoki alohida kompaniyalardan yoki asal asalari faoliyatidan manfaatdor bo'lgan bog'dorchilik va qishloq xo'jaligi bilan shug'ullanadigan boshqa tashkilotlardan mablag'larni qabul qilishga to'sqinlik qilmaydi. Vasiylar hozirda moliyalashtirish bo'yicha aniq takliflarga ega emaslar, ammo aniqlik uchun alohida va boshqa korporativ a'zolardan moliyalashtirishni qabul qilish bilan birga, "bepul" asosda ma'lum bir sanoat bilan ishlash tushunchasi bilan cheklanishni xohlamaydilar. faoliyatini moliyalashtiradi. For example the Trustees may wish to invite companies to fund a future research colloquium, to exhibit at the BBKA Spring Convention or make a contribution to the BBKA Research Fund.

As part of its strategic review the BBKA is developing a range of other products, including literature, a distinctive house style, sponsorship, logos and devices and wishes to be able to further develop these to maximise their impact and financial benefit. It is essential that any that any contractual arrangements made meets the requirements of the BBKA strategy for the coming years, with the overall aim of encouraging society to take measures which will help honey bees.


Churches Count on Nature 5-13th June 2021

St Lawrence’s, Church Stretton, Shropshire (Photo: CfGA)

Jenny Mercer has drawn our attention to the following event which will take place from Saturday 5th to Sunday 13th June.

This is a citizen-science event covering churchyards across the England and Wales. The project will see communities and visitors making a note of the animals, birds, insects, or fungi in their local churchyard. Their data will then be collated on the National Biodiversity Network.

More information about the event and how to register can be found here:
http://bit.ly/ChurchesCountOnNature.

Do you have a local churchyard that you could survey as part of this event?

We are hoping that Jenny will be able to lead a Society walk on 20th July to record the diversity of Holy Trinity Churchyard in Old Wolverton as a follow up to this week (a bit late but this shouldn’t be a problem). Our President Roy Maycock surveyed the flora of the best 10% of all the churchyards in Buckinghamshire quite a few years ago now (see recent article on our website: Roy’s Reminiscences). We have also held walks in Olney churchyard to look at lichens and had a recent talk on bats in churches by Sue Hetherington so our Society has a history of involvement in our county’s church flora and fauna.


Thursday, 25 February 2010

Dorset big cat 'seen 30 times recently'

Wednesday, 24 February 2010

What looks like a 'big cat' has been spotted 30 times in West Dorset since Christmas, according to a man who is trying to discover the truth about the legendary big Dorset cat.

Photographer Alan McNamee, from Bridport, is convinced of the existence of the animal.

He has now assembled a team who are ready to respond to sightings as they are reported.

Alan saw the animal close up in 2004 - an experience he said was "scary".

He said: "I was working late one night at home and I heard a noise. I went downstairs and looked outside, towards the fields at the back of my house, and I saw that the hedge was thrashing about.

"Then I saw a large cat with a badger in its mouth.

"It leapt onto a bank and disappeared.

"It completely shook me up."

Alan called the police who visited the scene immediately.

He said: "The police returned the next day to have a look at the area [in daylight] and they confirmed that they had found paw prints."

New sightings

Alan's interest has now been renewed after a series of new sightings, and he has contacted a team of experts, including a 'big cat' expert and a specialist vet, to help establish the truth.

Alan said: "I'm hearing of several sightings a week. [The people who see it] are just people going about their normal business.

"The last sighting was Friday evening [19 February 2010].

"A woman was driving over the A35 [between Bridport and Dorchester], and it was running across a field.

"I have also had land owners who have said they have seen it.

"And all of those sightings are of a similar format.

"It's farmers finding unusual footprints on their land, or sheep or cattle being attacked.

"The animals have two punctures in their neck and their internal intestines are gone.

"They have a broken back, there's no blood, and some have been dragged to the top of a tree.

"But to drag a heavy sheep across a field for a 100 yards, over a fence and up a tree - that's not the work of a dog or a fox."

Alan is now waiting for the next sighting, with the hope that he can get to the scene immediately and find enough evidence or remains that can be recorded and analysed.

This needs to be carried out as quickly as possible after an animal attack as this is the key to gathering evidence which can determine what the creature is.

"It's vital we get there within a few hours after a kill, to take photos, take DNA and look around for anything else."

"Everyone says the same thing [about the creature] - it's black, its tail is as long as its body, it's bigger than a labrador and a good 6ft [1.8m] in length.

"There are key things that people see, and what they say is close by, that are key to each sighting."

Alan has this advice for people who think they might have seen it:

"The first thing to do is to make a note of where you've seen it, and then report it straight away to the police."

PC John Snellin, Wildlife Officer for Dorset Police, says all reported sightings are taken seriously.

He said: "We get the sightings fairly regularly and most are from level-headed people.

"It's a fascinating subject but we wouldn't scare monger - we need to keep it in proportion.

"It's not a policing priority but all reports are recorded, but, by my reckoning, there have been nothing like 30 sightings [reported to the police].

"But if you do see one, don't approach it - call the police. It is very likely to just run away."

PC Snellin believes the animal could be a black puma, and one theory is that it was released into the wild after the 1976 Dangerous Animals Act was made law, which banned keeping dangerous animals as pets - but PC Snellin thinks it is very unlikely an animal would have survived that long, or gone on to breed.

Alan McNamee's theory is that it could be an animal that is privately owned, but not officially registered, and is occasionally "let out" to hunt, but PC Snellin believes this is too unlikely as it would be difficult to control.

PC Snellin said: "It's not like calling in a black labrador."

Whatever the truth, Alan McNamee is hoping to get to the bottom of it.

He said: "Most sightings have been in a triangular area between Weymouth, Dorchester and Winterbourne Abbas.

"But there is something out there causing the damage [to the animals] and it's not a dog or a fox.

Blonde raccoon is star of show at new wildlife centre

CALL OF THE WILDLIFE

A landmark furniture store in Farmington is being transformed into a wildlife education center, along with a gift shop and restaurant.

By DEAN SPIROS, Star Tribune
February 21, 2010 - 7:29 PM

The array of country furniture and accessories displayed in a sprawling timber building has always been but part of the lure of Oak & Treasures in Farmington.

For some, a weekend just wasn't complete without stopping in to talk to Fingers the blonde raccoon, who regularly occupied a pen in the back of the store. Or to get an up-close look at the wolf that often kept Terri Petter company in her office while she worked at the store belonging to her mother, Eunice.

After 15 years, the animals are moving from the back rooms and into the spotlight. Oak & Treasures is closing its doors and will reopen as a wildlife education center in the fall.

"The Habitat" will display a variety of native animals in their natural surroundings inside large, fenced-in pens. The inside of the log building will feature a bar and grill and gift shop. The walls will be adorned with animal mounts accompanied by educational text.

It's the brainchild of Apple Valley native Terri Petter, who grew up with a love of the outdoors and the creatures that inhabit them.

"Working with critters has always been her dream,'' Eunice Petter said. "We've been working toward this point for five years. It's just a good time to do it.''

"I always wanted to educate people on the outdoors and to get kids off the couch and away from the video games,'' Terri Petter said. "Getting people back outside to enjoy wildlife.''

Terri Petter has more than 100 animals, including cougars, wolves, bobcats, lynx, badgers, foxes, prairie dogs and ground hogs. They are housed on her 100-acre ranch in Apple Valley. Petter has a U.S. Department of Agriculture permit, and she said all of the animals have been purchased from a USDA-licensed facility.

"I don't have any kids those are my kids,'' Terri Petter said. "I protect them like they are my kids.''

A landscape makeover will include the addition of trees, boulders, plants and ponds. "You're going to be able to walk out there and feel like you are up north,'' Terri Petter said.

Admission prices stand at $7.50 for adults and $5.50 for children. Yearly memberships will be available. Petter also is seeking corporate sponsorships and accepts donations.

The Petters have purchased an adjacent 70 acres of farmland they plan to use for future expansion of the habitat. Plans call for a petting farm featuring horses, cows, chickens and the like.

The current going-out-of-business furniture sale runs through May 1. Construction will begin soon after, weather permitting.

Eunice Petter has been in the furniture business for over 30 years, dating back to her days as an antiques dealer at Lake and Hennepin in Minneapolis. She also taught history for 30 years in the Apple Valley school district. While sad to see the furniture store close ("I'll miss the customers"), she's excited about her daughter's new venture.

"It's a big gamble,'' said Terri Petter, who put her ranch and her mom's timber building up for loan collateral. "I might be living in a box in two years. But I think it's worth it.''

Giant predatory shark fossil unearthed in Kansas

Wednesday, 24 February 2010
By Matt Walker
Editor, Earth News

The fossilised remains of a gigantic 10m-long predatory shark have been unearthed in Kansas, US.

Scientists dug up a gigantic jawbone, teeth and scales belonging to the shark which lived 89 million years ago.

The bottom-dwelling predator had huge tooth plates, which it likely used to crush large shelled animals such as giant clams.

Palaeontologists already knew about the shark, but the new specimen suggests it was far bigger than previously thought.

The scientists who made the discovery, published in the journal Cretaceous Research, last week also released details of other newly discovered giant plankton-eating fish that swam in prehistoric seas for more than 100 million years.

But this new fish, called Ptychodus mortoni, is both bigger and more fierce, having a taste for flesh rather than plankton.

It may even have been the largest shellfish-eating animal ever to have roamed the Earth.

Dr Kenshu Shimada of DePaul university in Chicago, Illinois, US found the fossilized remains of the shark in rocks known as the Fort Hays Limestone in Kansas.

"Kansas back then was smack in the middle of an inland sea known as the Western Interior Seaway that extended in a north-south direction across North America," says Dr Shimada.

Along with a piece of jaw, Dr Shimada and colleagues uncovered a piece of jaw, teeth and scales.

"Although it represents a fraction of the entire body of the shark, the jaw fragment is gigantic. The estimated jaw length was almost 1m long, and that would suggest that the shark was likely at least 10m in length," says Dr Shimada.

Due to the lack of a complete skeleton, it is difficult to gauge the physical appearance of the shark.

But Dr Shimada suspects it had a body shaped much like that of a modern nurse shark (Ginglymostoma cirratum), with a broad rounded head and stout body.

However, its teeth and lifestyle would have been very different.

Hundreds of robust teeth line the upper and lower parts of the shark's mouth, forming large slab-like plates capable of crushing shellfish.

"This in turn suggests that P. mortoni was probably a sluggish bottom-dwelling shark, rather than an actively fast swimmer," says Dr Shimada.

Fossils of this and other closely-related species have long been known.

"While there have been many teeth and a few incomplete skeletal remains of P. mortoni in museum collections, the significance of this new specimen is that it contains one of the largest teeth of this species that were found with a gigantic jaw fragment.

"The size of the jaw fragment in fact supports the contention that P. mortoni was likely a gigantic animal," says Dr Shimada.

The scientists have dated the fossil at 88.7 million years old.

At that time, a variety of animals, such as giant clams, other sharks, bony fishes, and predatory marine reptiles called mosasaurs and plesiosaurs inhabited the same water.

Some, including certain mosasaurs would also have grown to gigantic proportions, reaching lengths of 10m or more.

Why P. mortoni became so huge is still a mystery.

"The emergence of large ptychodontids roughly coincides with the timing of when many other kinds of organisms, including clams as well as sharks and bony fishes, became bigger," explains Dr Shimada.

"Clearly, the food resources must have been abundant enough in the marine ecosystem to support such large organisms.

"Becoming big does have advantages such as deterring predators and being able to travel faster, but it does come with disadvantages as well, most notably needing more food for energy."

Another specimen of P. mortoni has been found alongside another type of meat-eating shark called Squalicorax, with some scientists suggesting that the meat-eating shark may have been scavenging on the body of its larger relative.

Last week, Dr Shimada and colleagues published details in the journal Science of how a dynasty of large plankton-eating fish roamed the oceans between 66 and 172 million years ago.

These fish died out with the dinosaurs.

Once they had vanished from the ecosystem, mammals and cartilaginous fish such as manta rays, basking sharks and whale sharks began to adapt to fill a similar ecological role.

SeaWorld trainer dies in killer whale attack in Orlando

Thursday, 25 February 2010

A trainer at the SeaWorld park in Orlando, Florida, has died after being attacked by a killer whale.

Witnesses said the whale had jumped and grabbed Dawn Brancheau by the waist from a poolside platform before dragging her underwater.

Guests were evacuated while fire crews tried to rescue the 40-year-old, but they were unable to revive her.

The orca, Tilikum, was also involved in the death of a female trainer in Canada in 1991, reports said.

Other orcas were also said to have attacked trainers at SeaWorld parks in 2006 and 2004.

'Shaking her violently'

Chuck Tompkins, SeaWorld parks' head of animal training, was quoted by Reuters news agency saying: "She was rubbing the killer whale's head, and [it] grabbed her and pulled her in."

SeaWorld said an investigation was under way into Wednesday afternoon's death of Ms Brancheau, a trainer with 16 years' experience.

Jim Solomons, a spokesman for the Orange County Sheriff's Office, said early accounts indicated she could have slipped and fallen into the tank.

He said it was too early to tell if she had been attacked by the 12,000lb (5,450kg) orca.

But witnesses told a different story.

Park visitor Victoria Biniak told a local TV channel that the trainer had just finished explaining to the audience what they were about to see.

At that point, she said, the whale "took off really fast, and then he came back around to the glass, jumped up, grabbed the trainer by the waist and started shaking her violently. The last thing we saw was her shoe floating."

Audience member Eldon Skaggs told AP news agency the whale had "pulled her under and started swimming around with her".

A male spectator who witnessed the tragedy gave CNN a similar version of events.

Brazilian tourist Joao Lucio DeCosta Sobrinho and his girlfriend were at an underwater viewing area when they saw the whale with the trainer in its mouth.

The entertainment park, known for its killer whale, seal and dolphin displays, was closed after the incident. SeaWorld in San Diego also suspended its killer whale show.

Tilikum is said to have been involved in previous incidents, the BBC's Andy Gallacher reports from Florida.

A SeaWorld spokesman said the orca had been one of three whales blamed for killing a trainer in 1991 after she had fallen in a pool at a marine park in British Columbia, Canada.

After the whale - nicknamed Telly - was sold to SeaWorld Orlando it was involved in a second incident when authorities discovered the body of a naked man lying across his back in 1999.

Officials later concluded the man, who had either crept into SeaWorld after closing time or hidden in the park until it closed, probably drowned after suffering hypothermia.

There have been incidents involving other whales at SeaWorld.

In November 2006, a male trainer escaped with a broken foot after he was bitten and held underwater by a female killer whale during a show at SeaWorld's San Diego park.

In 2004, another whale at the company's San Antonio park attempted to bite a trainer, but he too escaped.

Though called a killer whale, the orca (Orcinus orca), is actually the largest member of the oceanic dolphin family.

Animal rights group Peta says it has long been asking SeaWorld to stop taking wild, ocean-going mammals and confining them to an area that, to them, is "the size of a bathtub".


LEARN HOW TO LOVE

in each case being some tag or last fag-end of fact, caught up by ignorance, and coloured by prejudice. Shunday qilib
commonplace is it to misunderstand, so easy to misrepresent.
That the Uranian temperament, especially in regard to its affectional side, is not without faults must naturally
be allowed but that it has been grossly and absurdly misunderstood is certain. With a good deal of experience
in the matter, I think one may safely say that the defect of the male Uranian, or Urning, [Note: For the
derivation of these terms see ch. ii., p. 20, intra.] is NOT sensuality--but rather SENTIMENTALITY. The
lower, more ordinary types of Urning are often terribly sentimental the superior types strangely, almost
incredibly emotional but neither AS A RULE (though of course there must be exceptions) are so sensual as
the average normal man.
This immense capacity of emotional love represents of course a great driving force. Whether in the individual
or in society, love is eminently creative. It is their great genius for attachment which gives to the best Uranian
types their penetrating influence and activity, and which often makes them beloved and accepted far and wide
even by those who know nothing of their inner mind. How many so-called philanthropists of the best kind (we
need not mention names) have been inspired by the Uranian temperament, the world will probably never
bilish. And in all walks of life the great number and influence of folk of this disposition, and the distinguished
place they already occupy, is only realised by those who are more or less behind the scenes. It is probable also
that it is this genius for emotional love which gives to the Uranians their remarkable YOUTHFULNESS.
Anyhow, with their extraordinary gift for, and experience in, affairs of the heart--from the double point of
view, both of the man and of the woman--it is not difficult to see that these people have a special work to do
as reconcilers and interpreters of the two sexes to each other. Of this I have spoken at more length below
(chaps. ii. and v.). It is probable that the superior Urnings will become, in affairs of the heart, to a large extent
the teachers of future society and if so, that their influence will tend to the realisation and expression of an
attachment less exclusively sensual than the average of to-day, and to the diffusion of this in all directions.
While at any rate not presuming to speak with authority on so difficult a subject, I plead for the necessity of a
patient consideration of it, for the due recognition of the types of character concerned, and for some
endeavour to give them their fitting place and sphere of usefulness in the general scheme of society.
One thing more by way of introductory explanation. The word Love is commonly used in so general and
almost indiscriminate a fashion as to denote sometimes physical instincts and acts, and sometimes the most
intimate and profound feelings and in this way a good deal of misunderstanding is caused. In this book
(unless there be exceptions in the Appendix) the word is used to denote the inner devotion of one person to
another and when anything else is meant-- as, for instance, sexual relations and actions--this is clearly stated
and expressed.
II
THE INTERMEDIATE SEX
"Urning men and women, on whose book of life Nature has written her new word which sounds so strange to
us, bear such storm and stress within them, such ferment and fluctuation, so much complex material having its
outlet only towards the future their individualities are so rich and many-sided, and withal so little understood,
that it is impossible to characterise them adequately in a few sentences."--Otto de Joux.
In late years (and since the arrival of the New Woman amongst us) many things in the relation of men and
women to each other have altered, or at any rate become clearer. The growing sense of equality in habits and
customs--university studies, art, music, politics, the bicycle, etc.--all these things have brought about a
rapprochement between the sexes. If the modern woman is a little more masculine in some ways than her


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Study of initial men and women

A Study of Some Transitional Types of Men and Women

"There are transitional forms between the metals and non-metals between chemical combinations and simple

mixtures, between animals and plants, between phanerogams and cryptogams, and between mammals and

birds. . . . The improbability may henceforth be taken for granted of finding in Nature a sharp cleavage

between all that is masculine on the one side and all that is feminine on the other or that any living being is so

simple in this respect that it can be put wholly on one side, or wholly on the other, of the line."

The following papers, now collected in book-form, have been written-- and some of them published--on

various occasions during the last twelve or fourteen years, and in the intervals of other work and this must be

my excuse for occasional repetitions or overlapping of matter, which may be observable among them. menda bor

thought it best, however, to leave them as they stand, as in this way each is more complete in itself. The

second essay, which gives its title to the book, has already appeared in my "Love's Coming-of-Age" (edition

1906), but is reprinted here as belonging more properly to this volume. A collection of quotations from

responsible writers, who touch on various sides of the subject, is added at the end, to form an

Appendix--which the author thinks will prove helpful, though he does not necessarily endorse all the opinions

INTRODUCTORY
The subject dealt with in this book is one of great, and one may say growing, importance. Whether it is that
the present period is one of large increase in the numbers of men and women of an intermediate or mixed
temperament, or whether it merely is that it is a period in which more than usual attention happens to be
accorded to them, the fact certainly remains that the subject has great actuality and is pressing upon us from
all sides. It is recognised that anyhow the number of persons occupying an intermediate position between the
two sexes is very great, that they play a considerable part in general society, and that they necessarily present
and embody many problems which, both for their own sakes and that of society, demand solution. The
literature of the question has in consequence already grown to be very extensive, especially on the Continent,
and includes a great quantity of scientific works, medical treatises, literary essays, romances, historical novels,
poetry, etc. And it is now generally admitted that some knowledge and enlightened understanding of the
subject is greatly needed for the use of certain classes--as, for instance, medical men, teachers, parents,
magistrates, judges, and the like.
That there are distinctions and gradations of Soul-material in relation to Sex--that the inner psychical
affections and affinities shade off and graduate, in a vast number of instances, most subtly from male to
female, and not always in obvious correspondence with the outer bodily sex--is a thing evident enough to
anyone who considers the subject nor could any good purpose well be served by ignoring this fact--even if it
were possible to do so. It is easy of course (as some do) to classify all these mixed or intermediate types as
BAD. It is also easy (as some do) to argue that just because they combine opposite qualities they are likely to
be GOOD and valuable. But the subtleties and complexities of Nature cannot be despatched in this off-hand
uslub The great probability is that, as in any other class of human beings, there will be among these too,
good and bad, high and low, worthy and unworthy-- some perhaps exhibiting through their double
temperament a rare and beautiful flower of humanity, others a perverse and tangled ruin.
Before the facts of Nature we have to preserve a certain humility and reverence nor rush in with our
preconceived and obstinate assumptions. Though these gradations of human type have always, and among all
peoples, been more or less known and recognised, yet their frequency to-day, or even the concentration of
attention on them, may be the indication of some important change actually in progress. We do NOT know, in
fact, what possible evolutions are to come, or what new forms, of permanent place and value, are being
already slowly differentiated from the surrounding mass of humanity. It may be that, as at some past period of
evolution the worker-bee was without doubt differentiated from the two ordinary bee-sexes, so at the present
time certain new types of human kind may be emerging, which will have an important part to play in the
societies of the future--even though for the moment their appearance is attended by a good deal of confusion
and misapprehension. It may be so or it may not. We do not know and the best attitude we can adopt is one
of sincere and dispassionate observation of facts.
Of course wherever this subject touches on the domain of love we may expect difficult queries to arise. Yet it
is here probably that the noblest work of the intermediate sex or sexes will be accomplished, as well as the
greatest errors committed. It seems almost a law of Nature that new and important movements should be
misunderstood and vilified--even though afterwards they may be widely approved or admitted to honour.
Such movements are always envisaged first from whatever aspect they may possibly present, of ludicrous or
contemptible. The early Christians, in the eyes of Romans, were chiefly known as the perpetrators of obscure
rites and crimes in the darkness of the catacombs. Modern Socialism was for a long time supposed to be an
affair of daggers and dynamite and even now there are thousands of good people ignorant enough to believe
that it simply means "divide up all round, and each take his threepenny bit." Vegetarians were supposed to be
a feeble and brainless set of cabbage-eaters. The Women's movement, so vast in its scope and importance


Videoni tomosha qiling: Asalarichilik. Asalari bola uchirish jarayoni (Iyul 2022).


Izohlar:

  1. Brooksone

    Katta rahmat, blogda sharhlar bilan bir narsa, men uchinchi marta yozishga muvaffaq bo'ldim (

  2. Grokasa

    I can recommend going to a site that has a lot of information on this subject.

  3. Korian

    Men qo'mitaman. All above told the truth.

  4. Vudogis

    Ilgari men boshqacha o'yladim, ma'lumot uchun katta rahmat.



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